Strawberries are a small-fruit crop that is popular to grow in the home garden. There are three types of strawberries available: Junebearing strawberries produce fruit in May and June in the year after planting; everbearing strawberries provide fruit throughout the growing season; and dayneutral strawberries produce berries all season for two years and then need to be replanted. All types of strawberries are available as bare root plants, which are plants without soil surrounding their roots. It costs less in postage if strawberry plants are shipped bare root from the nursery.
Remove all weeds and grass from the planting area. Bare root strawberries are usually planted in late April or after the danger of the last spring frost has past. Till the soil under with a rototiller. This will loosen the soil and make it easier for the strawberries to root.
Place the roots of the strawberries in a shallow pan of water to prevent the roots from drying out. Do not leave the roots in the water more then 30 minutes.
Dig a hole with a hand trowel deep enough to hold the roots. Do not compact the soil while digging.
Place the strawberry plant in the hole so the crown is level with the top of the soil. Back fill the hole with soil.
Firm the soil around the strawberry plant with your foot. Pour a cup of water around the roots of the plant. Set your strawberry plants 18 to 24 inches apart. Daughter plants grown on runners will fill in the rows. Set your rows 36 to 48 inches apart, depending on how much room you need to care for the strawberry plants.
Things You Will Need
- Bare root strawberries
- Hand trowel
- Spread 3 to 4 inches of straw on your strawberry bed once they have gone dormant for the year in late November or early December. This will protect the plants from harsh winter temperatures. Remove the straw mulch in March when active growth appears.
- Purchase cultivars that are resistant to red stele and verticillum wilt in order to eliminate plant disease problems later.
- Control fungus diseases by keeping the foliage and fruit dry. Gray mold is a fungus that infects the fruit during cool, wet weather. Leaf spot is a common fungi disease spread by splashing rain and wind.
- Keep the berry plants properly spaced to promote good air circulation and water your plants in the morning so there is time for the water to evaporate before nightfall.