Fraser fir trees are available usually around late November and early December, but usually as cut trees to use as Christmas trees. You can purchase a live Fraser fir for a little more money and transplant it into your yard as long as a few critical requirements are met. Your investment will grow each season and the work put into transplanting it will produce a beautiful tree you can be proud of for many years.
Test the soil where you plan to put the tree. Fraser firs are grown in mountains where the soil is naturally acidic. Dig down 2 feet below the soil's surface, well below the topsoil. You can use a simple soil testing kit to analyze the acidity of the soil or you can have it analyzed by your local agricultural extension office for a more detailed report.
Correct the pH by adding the necessary amendments. Fraser firs need soil that has a pH of 5.2 to 5.5. Your extension office can advise you how to amend your soil if needed, or you can apply ammonium sulfate at the prescribed rate on the packaging.
Water every week for the next couple of years. Most people lose their trees from simple lack of water. The tree should not be standing in water, but the soil should be moist. Do not water when the ground is frozen.
Apply a layer of 3 inches or more of mulch to insulate the soil from heavy freezing and to conserve moisture around the tree. To increase the soil's acidity, use pine bark or pine straw. Do not let the mulch come in contact with the trunk.
Use a foliar fertilizing spray during the summer to make sure the tree is getting enough calcium and magnesium along with nitrogen and phosphorus. Test the soil's pH after a year to ensure the acidity has remained high enough for continued growth.
Things You Will Need
- Soil testing kit
- Fertilizing spray