The pear is one of our oldest fruits, with fossil record evidence dating back 50 million years (C. S. Campbell, et al.). Today they are cultivated mainly in areas with cooler climates, although there are newer varieties that can tolerate a bit more heat. Growing a pear tree from seed is quite easy but, keep in mind, the tree will not bear fruit until it is between 3 and 5 years old.
Remove the seeds from the pear, clean them, and allow them to dry for a few days. Pear seeds require cold-moist stratification, so they will need to be placed in a handful of moist sphagnum peat, in a plastic bag, in the refrigerator for 2-3 months.
Mix together potting soil and organic compost. Pour the amended soil into the small planting pot and wet it well. When the water drains, poke a small hole for your seed, then cover the seed lightly with the soil. Place the pot in a warm (70 degrees F), sunny area until the seed germinates.
Choose a sunny spot in the garden for your pear tree, making sure it will have plenty of room to branch out when it's mature. Prepare the site by digging 8 inches into the soil with a shovel and turning over the dirt, breaking up any large clods.
Add a 3-inch layer of compost to the existing soil and mix it in well. Level the area, and water it well.
Transplant your seedling into the garden in the spring. Dig a hole two times the width and depth of the pot in which it is currently planted, place it in the hole and backfill with soil, tamping down very gently near the base of the new tree.
Water frequently until the tree is established.