The persimmon tree is a deciduous fruit tree that can be grown in many parts of the country. Persimmon trees are hardy trees that develop long, fibrous tap roots and can successfully withstand the cold winter months. The tree is relatively easy to cultivate and can grow to heights of 100 feet, though it generally averages 25 to 50 feet in height.
Select a planting location for your persimmon tree. The persimmon tree thrives best in well-ventilated areas that receive at least eight hours of full, direct sunlight each day. It is a noncompetitive tree, however, and should not be planted near other competitive trees, especially the eucalyptus.
Dig a very deep hole for your persimmon tree sapling. Persimmon trees are non-fastidious about their soil type. Still, they cannot withstand soil with high sodium levels. Well-drained, sandy loams are best for persimmon growth. The soil’s pH levels should rest between 6.5 and 7.5. Persimmon trees can be grown from seeds. If seeds are used for initiation, dig a hole that is at least 18 inches deep.
Water your persimmon tree regularly. The persimmon tree can survive short periods of drought; it will compensate the period by reducing the size and quality of its developing fruit. Irrigate the persimmon tree weekly during the early spring. Increase the water levels during the dry, hot summer months and reduce in the fall. The tree should receive approximately 48 inches of water annually to properly produce. Adjust the water levels for rainfall and soil requirements.
Fertilize your persimmon lightly throughout the spring and early summer. Use a well-balanced fertilizer that includes a combination of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium. While nitrogen is essential in developing deep green foliage and shoot growth, excessive nitrogen can have adverse effects on the tree’s growth. Apply light application using 1 lb. per inch of trunk diameter. Distribute the fertilizer evenly around the tree. Avoid placing the fertilizer directly onto the roots of the tree, as this may cause root burn.
Prune the persimmon tree during its younger years. This pruning process should be used to develop a strong framework for the tree. The tree should be cropped to have a strong open crotch angle, which will help the branches carry the developing fruit. Mature persimmon trees will require limited pruning when the shape is developed at an early age. Always prune away dead, dying or wilting branches, stems and foliage to reduce the potential of disease and infection.