Facts About Copper Beech Trees
The Copper beech tree, also known as the European beech tree or by the scientic name Fagus sylvatica, is from the Fagaceae family. It is native to Europe.
This slow-growing deciduous tree has a short trunk and broad shape. It will grow 50 to 60 feet tall and can be 50 feet wide. The tree flowers April to May.
The copper beech needs acidic, well-drained, moist soil with full sun. It will need pruning in early summer or fall. You can transplant this beech during its dormant season.
European beech has dark green glossy leaves that are 2 to 4 inches long with a width of 2 inches. In fall they will turn a reddish-bronze color, greatly enhancing the autumn landscape.
The copper beech can have pests and bark disease (beech canker and grey mould being two examples). Grass won’t grow well underneath these trees and they tend to sucker. Its fruits, which drop onto the ground, can get a little messy for those who like a pristine lawn.
This tree is typically used for golf courses or parks. Home use is as a hedge, lawn tree, or for a wide open space.
Copper beech is propagated by cuttings or via seed sown into the ground.
Kinds Of Beech Trees
American beech (F. grandifolia) trees typically reach about 75 feet high but they may grow up to 120 feet tall in dense forest environments. Tree branches droop and sweep as they grow but they do not break easily. European Beech (F. sylvatica) prefers USDA zones 4 through 7 but also grows in nurseries and greenhouses. Pendula, also called weeping European beech, features long branches that sweep the ground. Other European beech varieties such as Copper, Golden, Purple and Red Obelisk turn different colors in the fall. The tree prefers direct sunlight — but grows well in partial shade — and reaches up to 90 feet high at maturity. Occasionally, a third pod may develop. Burs begin to open and then the seeds, which are rather heavy for the leaf clusters, fall to the ground.
- UConn Horticulture
- New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, editor
- United States Forest Service/University of Florida Extension: American Beech: E. Gilman & D. Watson; 1993
- University of California Davis: Managing Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: Beech
- U.S. Department of Agriculture: American Beech Tree
- North Carolina State University: Fagus crenata: Japanese Beech
- North Carolina State University: Fagus sylvatica: European Beech