Mangoes are one of the most commonly eaten tropical fruits in the world. Their flavor tastes similar to a peach. Caring for a mango tree by meeting its growth requirements will produce a lush, beautiful tree that gives an abundance of fruit for years. Mangoes are tropical trees, growing best when planted outdoors in the tropical and subtropical climates--U.S. Hardiness zones 9 and 10. Mangoes are classified in two varieties, the colorful Indian types and the less colorful Indo-Chinese. All varieties of mangoes require the same care.
Select the warmest area of your landscape that receives full sun to grow your mango tree. Mangoes grow best in warm, sunny locations and will not do well growing in the shade.
Grow the mango tree in well-drained soil amended with organic matter. Add a fresh layer of compost to the soil twice a year. Mangoes planted in heavy soil, such as clay, will develop root rot and die.
Clear the growing area of weeds and grasses, keeping it weed-free at all times. Clear an area of approximately 3 to 4 feet in diameter around the trunk of the tree to allow water and fertilizer to leach into the soil, unhindered by vegetation.
Protect the mango from freezing temperatures by covering it with Christmas lights or a blanket. If using a blanket, place a 60-watt outdoor light under the cover to help keep the tree warm. Water the soil well the day before the expected freeze.
Water the mango two to three times per week during the warmer months, keeping the soil moist. In winter, water once every week or two. Keeping the tree regularly watered will produce a larger harvest of fruit.
Fertilize only with organic compost for the first two years. After the tree has matured, add a nitrogen-rich fertilizer designed specifically for mangoes. Fertilize three times per year with an application dose that is half of what the package recommends. Less is more when growing mangoes.
Prune your mango tree to remove only dead wood. The tree does not require further pruning.
Things You Will Need
- Pruning shears
- Anthracnose, powdery mildew, mites and scale can afflict mango trees. Choose a treatment or insecticide designed specifically for the problem but safe for use on mangoes.
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