A grass is only good when planted in the correct climate zone. Planting warm season grass in a location that experiences hard freeze during the winter will kill this type of grass. On the other hand, a cool season grass will most likely not survive in a location that experiences extreme hot summer days. Choosing the right grass for your location will ensure that the grass will thrive better, giving you a longer lasting lawn.
Considered a luxury grass, bentgrass is a cool season grass. It has a fine texture, deep green color, thick density and low growing habit. Choose from three types of bentgrass: colonial, creeping and velvet. Bentgrass does well on golf courses and residential homes located in zones 1 through 9 and 11 to 12. Fall is the best time to plant bentgrass; however, you can also achieve good results when you plant it in the spring.
Bluegrass, also known as Kentucky bluegrass, is an excellent option for icy and snowy areas of the country. Bluegrass grows 18 to 24 inches tall and has an identifiable boat-shaped leaf tip. Plant seeds two to three pounds per 1,000 sq. ft. of lawn for best coverage. Use a roller on the lawn to flatten the small hills and firm the soil for better mowing conditions. This will prevent scalping of the grass during mowing. Planting season is February to May or September to November in zones 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.
Ryegrasses do well in moist, cool environments where temperature is not extreme in the winter or summer. Ryegrasses come in two types: annual and perennial. Plant annual ryegrass in all zones (seasonal) in the fall. Plant perennial ryegrass in the fall or spring in zones 2 to 8. Overseeding perennial ryegrasses can help them survive in other zones. Overseeding is a process of planting new seeds on existing turf.
Fescue does very well in cooler temperatures, but declines in the summer's heat. Choose fescue to help prevent soil erosion because of its strong root system. Widely used as a turf grass, the Kentucky 31 tall fescue is tall growing, clumping grass that has a coarse texture.
Plant in the fall for best result; however, planting in springtime is often acceptable. They grow best in zones 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 12. Water fescue grass often during the summer to help prevent browning. Mow often at a height of 1-2 inches. Allowing fescue grass to grow too tall may weaken it, while mowing too short may cause it to burn out easily.
A warm season grass, Zoysia makes beautiful lawn because of its fine to medium textured leaf. Depending on the variety, Zoysia can grow successfully from the upper warm tropical season areas north to some areas of the cool season zones. Choose zoysia for its tolerance to wear-and-tear, which is one of the reasons why you see it on golf courses, athletic fields, lawns and parks. Plant in spring or from April to August in zones 8 through 12.