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How Do Flowers Grow?

By Charmayne Smith ; Updated September 21, 2017

About Flowering Plants

Flowering plants can be annual, perennial or biennial. Although flowering plants have a range of life spans and blooming periods, all flowers follow the same growing process. Flowering plants produce male pollen and have female flower parts. As the flower blooms, it produces pollen that's released into the air by rain and wind. The released pollen travels its path and seeks to fertilize the female parts of the flower.

Water and Sunlight

Once planted, flowers require ample water and sunlight to begin their development. Most flowering plants require their soil to be rich in nutrients and well-drained. Proper drainage is required for most flowering plants because excessive water causes wilting flowers and promotes the development of bacterial and fungal diseases. Whether the flower does best in direct or indirect sunlight, the combination of water and sunlight promotes the creation of nutrients that the flower uses to thrive. These nutrients are stored in the flower’s root system and used as needed.

Changing Climates

Flowers take advantage of their surrounding environments and changing climates. Most flowers die off in or around the late fall season. Though they die, perennials and biennials take advantage of the dormancy, producing their bulbs for the following season. Contracted diseases and malnourished blooms can be corrected during the dormancy period with proper pruning, fertilization and watering.


Fertilization helps flowers bloom bigger and last longer. Though naturally growing flowers may not have ample fertilization, it's good practice to fertilize flowers at least once or twice each year. Fertilization feeds flowers with the nutrients that soil might not provide. These nutrients include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen promotes the growth of foliage and other green structures of the plant. Phosphorus promotes strong root development and flower strength. Potassium promotes the overall health and strength of the entire plant and its flowers. Fertilizer replenishes the surrounding soil and balances the pH levels to complement the flower’s acidic requirements.


Pruning--along with proper fertilization, watering and sunlight--promotes vigorous flower growth. Pruning is the process of removing stems, branches and flowers strategically from the plant. When completed successfully, the plant blooms with a plentiful amount of flowers that are of a greater quantity and quality than the previous blooms. While pruning involves removing dead or wilted branches and flowers, new growth can also be eliminated to make room for additional growth.


About the Author


Writing professionally since 2004, Charmayne Smith focuses on corporate materials such as training manuals, business plans, grant applications and technical manuals. Smith's articles have appeared in the "Houston Chronicle" and on various websites, drawing on her extensive experience in corporate management and property/casualty insurance.