Some gardeners know agave attenuata as a century plant. Agave attenuata received this name because of the time it may take for this plant to bloom. This succulent grows into an attractive shrub that will adorn a sunny or partly sunny landscape area. Agave attenuata will grow even if a gardener ignores it, but with basic care it may grow into a thriving plant that changes attractively with the seasons. Find a suitable spot for a century plant and nurture it along to create a lovely addition to a flowerbed.
Prepare a planting area for the agave attenuata in a sheltered location or in a container. Combine two parts peat moss, one part loam soil and one part pumice. Mix these components well either in the growing area or in the container.
Plant the agave attenuata in the prepared planting location at the same depth as it was in the temporary pot. Water the newly planted century plant lightly.
Fertilize the agave attenuata after the plant has established itself and is steadily growing. Follow package recommendations for the size of your growing area or container and work the fertilizer into the soil with a garden fork. Fertilize the agave one more time at the end of the summer, if desired (this second application is optional).
Water the agave attenuata plant deeply approximately once per month. Completely saturate the soil with water. Space the watering schedule out so that you are watering every six weeks during the winter months. Water only enough in the winter to keep the foliage from shriveling.
Bring the container indoors if you live in a climate that freezes. Place the agave attenuata in a sunny location inside throughout the winter. Leave the century plant outdoors during the winter months if your temperatures will stay above freezing.
Wait for the plant to bloom, but be advised that it may take up to 10 years for the plant to bloom for the first time. Watch for new suckers to form around the bottom edge of the main plant and propagate these new plants, if desired. Remove the suckers during the spring or summer months and let them dry for several days. After they have dried slightly, plant the roots of the suckers into fresh compost to cultivate new century plants.