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How to Maintain Indoor Plants

By Kenneth Crawford ; Updated September 21, 2017
Maintain Houseplants.

Indoor houseplants add beauty to any room. They are not only aesthetically pleasing but also work to clean the air inside your home. Most people do not really know how to maintain indoor plants correctly. Although they require very little maintenance, some guidelines should be followed to make sure your indoor plants thrive inside the home.

Water indoor plants only when it is necessary. Too little water, and the plant will wilt. Too much water, and the roots will rot. Soil should be kept moist but not saturated in water.

Water the soil directly, and avoid watering the plant foliage. Continue watering until the water begins to drain.

Remove plants from windowsills at night during cooler months. Although plants love the light during the day, the temperature drops at night can kill houseplants.

Maintain an even temperature for your houseplants. Temperatures should stay between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. At night they should not be any cooler than 55-degrees Fahrenheit.

Place plants that require high humidity in kitchens and bathrooms. Orchids do very well in these types of environments.

Fertilize indoor plants once a month with a water soluble plant food. To promote growth, do not fertilize plants that are dormant.

Repot plants when they become too large for their existing pots. Prepare new pots with potting soil, and transplant the plant. Be careful when disturbing the root system of the plant. Expect the plant to look unhealthy for a few days until the shock of being moved has passed. Most plants recover in 3 to 5 days.

Set your plants so they have indirect sunlight at least 6 hours a day. Most indoor plants will thrive on this type of lighting.


Things You Will Need

  • Water
  • Water soluble fertilizer
  • Pots for repotting
  • Potting soil

About the Author


Kenneth Crawford is a freelance writer with more than 10 years of experience. His work has appeared in both print and online publications, including "The American Chronicle." Crawford holds an associate degree in business administration from Commonwealth College.