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How to Propagate Blueberry Plants

By Debra L Turner ; Updated September 21, 2017
Now you know what's been eating your blueberries.

There’s nothing like walking out into your backyard and plucking fresh, juicy, delicious blueberries right from your very own plants. If you just can’t get enough of the luscious fruit, then propagate the blueberry plants you have. There are two easy methods of propagating blueberry bushes, which are typically the most successful, particularly for novice home gardeners.

Root Division

Examine the base of your blueberry plants in the spring following the last frost. Look for new shoots, which will already have their own root systems developed.

Divide the shoot and its roots from the mother plant by driving a sharp spade vertically through the surface of the soil as close to the parent as possible. This will sever the two root systems.

Plant the new blueberry shoot immediately in well-drained acidic soil at exactly the same depth it occupied when part of the parent. Choose a spot in which it will receive full sun all day. Keep it uniformly moistened, but not soggy or wet.

Mound Layering

Cut two or three old canes from the outer area of the mother plant in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. This stimulates the plant to produce new shoots from its base to replace those that were removed.

Pile soil around the new shoot when it’s 2 to 3 inches tall. Leave only the top 1 inch of the shoot exposed. Water with a gentle spray to avoid displacing the soil mound. Keep the shoot uniformly moist, but not wet or soggy. Don’t allow it to dry out.

Pile more soil on the mound as the shoot continues to grow. Continue adding more soil until the mound is about 6 to 8 inches deep. Let the shoot continue to grow thereafter without adding any more soil.

Use a gentle spray of water to carefully remove the soil from around the shoots in September. Take your time to avoid damaging any of the delicate little roots that have formed on the shoot while buried in the soil.

Use clean, sharp shears to cut the shoot below its new roots. Transplant your new blueberry plant in its forever home.

 

Things You Will Need

  • Spade
  • Shears

Tip

  • For higher fruit yields, plant several blueberry varieties so that they can cross-pollinate.

About the Author

 

A full-time writer since 2007, Axl J. Amistaadt is a DMS 2013 Outstanding Contributor Award recipient. He publishes online articles with major focus on pets, wildlife, gardening and fitness. He also covers parenting, juvenile science experiments, cooking and alternative/home remedies. Amistaadt has written book reviews for Work At Home Truth.