You can reproduce aloe plants from cuttings, or by transplanting the tiny miniature aloes that healthy aloe plants send from their bases. Either way, caring for the new plants is easy.
To Reproduce Aloes from Cuttings
Carefully cut a few of the outside leaves off the aloe plant, down close to its base. Be sure to make a clean, straight cut.
Set the cuttings aside so the wet cuts will cover themselves with a thin film. You must let them rest for at least a few hours while this happens, but you can leave them setting out for as long as a day or even two without injuring their ability to grow.
If you’re using cactus soil, fill the flower pots with it, to about an inch below the top of the pots.
If you’re using potting soil, mix it with sand or vermiculite to ensure that it will drain well. Put the mixture into the pots.
Put the cuttings into the prepared pots, covering up at least one-third of each cutting with soil.
To Transplant Baby Aloes
Gently cut or pull the tiny aloe plants off the base of the mother plant, being careful not to damage their roots.
Fill the flower pots to within 1 inch of their tops with either potting soil mixed with sand or vermiculite, or with cactus soil.
Gently tuck the aloe plants into the soil, with the top of their roots just below the soil. Push more soil up gently around the bottom of the plant.
Caring for Cuttings and Baby Aloe Plants
Water your new plants right after you transplant them.
Keep them moist, but not soaking wet, for the first few weeks of their new lives. Don’t let them stand in water-logged soil—this will cause their roots to rot.
Set the pots where the plants can get bright light for several hours each day. If it gets really hot where you live, make sure the plants get some shade during the hottest part of the day. Many varieties of aloe are susceptible to sunburn, which can kill them.