Growing peaches is easier than you may think. Stephen's Rareripe, a disease-free white peach, and Elberta, one of the most popular yellow peach varieties, both ripen in September. If you want a fruit tree that will consistently give you a bounty at harvest time, look no further.
Choose a peach tree that is well-suited to your climate. There are many varieties that do better in cooler weather than warmer weather and vice versa.
Test your soil's pH. Peach trees do best in soil with a pH of 6.5. If your soil is too acidic, add lime. Be sure to work the lime into a wide area, about a 12-foot diameter, where you want to plant the peach tree. Work the lime into a depth of about 10 inches to ensure it gets to the tree's roots.
Plant your peach tree in an area with full sun exposure and away from walls or fences. If your area experiences freezing temperatures, you may plant the peach tree near a wall or fence so the tree can maintain heat. Dig a hole deep enough to accommodate the tree's roots--about 2 to 3 feet deep.
Add 1 cup of 10-10-10 water-soluble fertilizer twice a year to the ground around the peach tree. Add 1 cup in spring after the last frost and another cup in the fall before the first frost.
Prune your peach tree each spring. Cut off any damaged or diseased branches and any branches that are growing vertically.
Thin the fruit on the tree. Once the fruit has begun forming but is no larger than a marble, pull off the smallest fruit and any malformed fruit. The peaches should be about 10 inches apart. This allows for the maximum growth of each peach.
Water your peach tree two or three times a week for about 10 minutes per watering. Avoid over watering--it can drown the roots.
Things You Will Need
- Yard with full sun
- Well-drained soil
- 10-10-10 water-soluble fertilizer
- Peaches grow best in well-drained sandy soil. Clay soil holds too much water and may drown the tree's roots.
- Do not allow any plants to grow around the base of your peach tree, including grass. They force your tree to compete for resources and reduce its fruit output.