The loquat tree is an evergreen native to subtropical southeastern China. It is now found in Japan as well as India, Brazil and the United States. It produces a tangy orange-colored fruit similar in texture to apricot. Loquat trees easily can be grown from seed.
Find a sunny spot free of obstructions or nearby trees. Loquat trees can grow up to 30 feet in height and have huge, round crowns, so they need space--at least 6 to 8 feet between trees. Break up the ground with pickaxe to a depth of about 1 foot, then mix in potting soil.
Fill the pot with potting mix. Water thoroughly and allow the soil to dry to the point where it is slightly moist.
Eat the fruit and immediately plant the one seed at a depth of about 2 inches. Do not let the seed dry out; if you do, you run the risk of killing the plant embryo inside the seed.
Water often enough so that the soil remains moist at all times--generally around twice a week. Do not let the soil dry out, but don't over-saturate it with water, either.
Transplant the young plant when it has grown to a height of about 6 inches. To transplant the seedling, dig a hole in the sunny, obstruction-free spot with your trowel, about 12 inches around and 12 inches deep. Pour potting soil into the hole and then, with your fist, create an impression on the top. Place the young plant with its root ball on this impression. Hold the plant steady with one hand, and pour in more potting soil with the other hand, just to the top of the plant's root ball. Pat down and smooth out the spot so that the area around the plant is slightly lower than the surrounding ground. This creates a dip where water can collect, ensuring a more thorough watering.
Things You Will Need
- Potting soil
- 1-gallon pot
- Loquat seeds from fresh fruit
- Once the seedling emerges, spread a thin later of mulch on top of the dirt in the container to preserve moisture.
- Loquat trees grown from seed generally produce inferior fruit. For optimum fruit, plant a tree cultivated from veneer grafting or shield budding.
- Loquat trees grown from seed take 5 to 6 years to produce fruit, about three times as long as grafted loquats.