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How to Care for a Pear Tree

Caring for a pear tree is very similar to taking care of any other fruit tree, which includes proper pruning, preventing damage from insects and increasing the fertility of the soil. Pear trees must be pruned annually when they are dormant in the winter. Maintaining a fruit tree is simple and will typically grow well in the right location and conditions. All types of pear tree can be typically be cared for the same, which include standard pear trees like Bartlett, Bosc, Moonglow, Sugar, Chojuro and Shinko.

Remove all broken or dead branches from the pear tree using gardening shears. Make sure it has no diseased branches before you begin to prune.

Prune between December and February when the tree is 2 years old. Cut about the outward facing bud of the grown branches. Never remove more the 30 percent of the tree’s canopy in one season.

Aerate the soil around the tree using mulch. This best time to do this is in the middle of spring. Also, make sure that the compost is at least 6 inches away from the trunk of the tree. You can use high-nitrogen fertilizer to help remove any grass or weeds from the tree.

Snip off fruits near the middle June to the middle of July so that the remaining fruits are at least 4 inches apart. You will then be able to harvest pears once the bottom skin of the pear turns little yellow.

Monitor your tree and keep insects away. Pear midges are common insects and be avoided by raking the surface of the soil between late winter and early spring.

Care Of A Moonglow Pear Tree

Train the tree to have a central leader -- one main trunk that runs the height of the tree. This is essential to encourage strong branches that can withstand the weight of the fruit. Also remove branches that compete with the leader or branches that grow lower than 30 inches from ground level. Choose four or five scaffold branches; each should grow at an angle of at least 60 degrees from the trunk. Prune any branches that grow right above or below those branches. If trees continue to grow poorly after being fertilized, gardeners should have the soil professionally tested to determine which nutrients are missing from the soil. Prevent pests by spraying Moonglow pear trees with dormant oil after the trees have lost their leaves and become dormant, usually from late fall through early spring.

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