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How to Take Care of Strawberry Plants

By Jenny Harrington ; Updated September 21, 2017
Encourage a healthy harvest of fresh strawberries.

Sweet, red strawberries are an attractive, edible option in the garden and as a landscaping plant. Children are drawn to strawberry patches in hopes of finding that first juicy berry. There's a lot to do between planting and harvesting to ensure that your strawberry crop is as abundant and tasty as possible. The original plants you put in the garden are referred to as mothers. These strawberries send out runners and form new plants referred to as daughters. Tend these properly for a high-yield patch.

Weed the strawberry patch a minimum of once a week. Pull and dispose of new weeds as soon as you notice them.

Water strawberries two to three times a week for a maximum of 2 inches of water weekly.

Pinch off blossoms the first year your strawberries are planted to encourage healthy root and runner growth. Pinch them off just below where the flower connects to the stem. Expect your first berry harvest the second year.

Check for daughter plants by the sixth week. Follow the runners from the mother to the first daughter and clip off any second or third daughters that are on the same runner.

Allow five daughters on five separate runners per mother plant to remain in the patch. Clip off any excess runners and daughters.

Move the daughter away from the mother and weigh down the runner between them with soil or small rocks. Space each of the five daughters 9 inches apart.

Renovate your strawberry patch after harvest for June-bearing varieties. Mow the leaves from the strawberries, leaving the crown -- the part of the plant that emerges above ground from the root — intact.

Fertilize after harvest with a general purpose fertilizer.


Things You Will Need

  • Garden shears
  • Lawn mower
  • Fertilizer


  • Replace plants every 3 to 5 years for June-bearing varieties and every 3 years for everbearing varieties.
  • Apply a straw mulch over the plants after a the first frost to protect the plants for next year.


  • Keep the strawberry patch clean of weeds and detritus and space plants properly to avoid fruit rots.

About the Author


Jenny Harrington has been a freelance writer since 2006. Her published articles have appeared in various print and online publications. Previously, she owned her own business, selling handmade items online, wholesale and at crafts fairs. Harrington's specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening.