An autumn fruit, pears do well in savory dishes and salads, in tarts and pies and eaten fresh. European pears have a floral fragrance and smooth texture, while Asian pears have the same floral qualities and a crunchy texture. Aside from fire blight--which limits the type of pear trees Texas growers can plant--the tree experiences few diseases and should live a long life once established. Plant pear trees either in the spring or in the fall; choose a 1- or 2-year-old sapling from a local nursery.
Dig a hole twice the size of the pear tree's root ball in a full-sun location, using a shovel. Remove rocks or roots from the hole.
Pull the pear tree out of its container. Massage the root ball with your hands to break it apart. Unwind tangled and circled roots. Place the tree in the prepared hole so it sits at the same depth as in did in its container. Check to ensure the tree is straight. Cover over the hole with soil to plant the tree.
Water the newly planted pear tree to compress air bubbles in the soil. Add water until the ground becomes saturated.
Prune the newly planted pear tree to a height of 24 to 30 inches and remove any branches, using anvil pruners.
Fertilize the newly planted pear tree when it begins to grow again. Scatter 1/2 cup of 13-13-13 fertilizer around the base of the tree and water to work it into the soil. Repeat this every spring for the first four years of the pear tree's life.
Water the pear tree weekly until the soil becomes saturated. If your town receives at least 1 inch of rainfall that week, skip the weekly watering.
Prune the tree to shape it in the summer, once it has developed branches. Select three new shoots to serve as leaders. Choose upward-growing shoots that are evenly spaced around the tree. Cut off all competing branches and leave two to three branches below the leader branches. Trim off suckers that have developed on the trunk.
Water, fertilize and prune the pear tree until it fruits. Texas A&M University says that pear trees can take up to eight years to bear fruit. When pruning, trim back leader branches to promote lateral branching and remove vigorous offshoots that shade those branches. Clip away dead or damaged wood and suckers.