Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

How to Prune a Tree Peony

...
peony bud image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com

Native to China and Japan, tree peonies grow well in both full sun and dappled sun. The plants produce flowers in an array of colors, from red and fuchsia to yellow and white. Tree peonies can bloom for 50 to 80 years with proper care, according to Tree Peony Garden. Most tree peonies reach 4 to 7 feet in height and 4 to 5 feet in width. Pruning is an important part of tree peony care and should be done annually in late spring.

Wait until the year following planting to prune. The best time to prune tree peonies is during the spring.

  • Native to China and Japan, tree peonies grow well in both full sun and dappled sun.
  • Tree peonies can bloom for 50 to 80 years with proper care, according to Tree Peony Garden.

Cut away any unwanted shoots that emerge from the ground near the base of the tree peony.

Thin out the canopy when your tree peony becomes too bushy. Select six to 10 of the strongest, healthiest stems on your tree peony. Trim all other shoots back to the main trunk with your lopping shears. Thinning out the canopy increases air circulation through the tree peony, which helps keep the peony healthy.

Prune away low-growing foliage to expose the trunk of the tree peony if you want to shape it in the traditional Asian manner. This step is not necessary and is personal preference.

  • Cut away any unwanted shoots that emerge from the ground near the base of the tree peony.

Thin out the flower buds, leaving only one to two buds per twig. By doing this, you'll have fewer flowers but they will be larger.

Related Articles

Symbolic Meaning of Peony
Symbolic Meaning of Peony
Care of the Ann Magnolia Tree
Care of the Ann Magnolia Tree
How to Grow Peony Tubers
How to Grow Peony Tubers
When Are Peonies in Season in Australia?
When Are Peonies in Season in Australia?
How to Grow Peonies in Containers
How to Grow Peonies in Containers
How to Care for a Saucer Magnolia Tree
How to Care for a Saucer Magnolia Tree
How to Care for Fern Peonies
How to Care for Fern Peonies
How to Care for a Chinese Magnolia Tree
How to Care for a Chinese Magnolia Tree
How to Grow Peonies in the South
How to Grow Peonies in the South
How to Care for Sweetbay Magnolia Trees
How to Care for Sweetbay Magnolia Trees
Care of Fern Peony
Care of Fern Peony
Magnolia Trees & Cold Temperature
Magnolia Trees & Cold Temperature
How to Cut Back Peonies in Minnesota
How to Cut Back Peonies in Minnesota
Are Basil Plants Poisonous to Cats?
Are Basil Plants Poisonous to Cats?
Garden Guides
×