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Florists & Foam Toxicity

By Nicole Hamilton ; Updated July 21, 2017
Florists are exposed to floral foam daily, which may lead to side effects.
flower gifts image by fafoutis from Fotolia.com

Floral foam is a plastic-based product manufactured in the form of green blocks. The blocks are porous and will absorb and hold water for several days. Florists use the foam as a basis for fresh flower arrangements.

Toxicity of Floral Foam

Floral foam contains toxic elements, including formaldehyde, barium sulfates and carbon black. These elements are carcinogenic, and prolonged exposure may cause cancer. Florists who come into repeated contact with floral foam are at the highest risk of side effects.

Effects of Floral Foam Toxicity

Exposure to floral foam can cause eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation. Inhaling dust or fumes is especially damaging and can cause several respiratory issues. Skin frequently exposed to formaldehyde may become hypersensitive, resulting in contact dermatitis.

Safety Precautions for Floral Foam

Avoid inhaling dust from floral foam by ensuring proper ventilation and wearing a dust mask. Safety glasses are recommended to prevent eye irritation if dust is excessive. Avoid formaldehyde exposure by wearing gloves and washing thoroughly after contact with floral foam or water in which it was submerged.

Disposal of Floral Foam

Floral foam may be disposed of normally, but is not biodegradable. Consider recycling floral foam, because it is a plastic product. Do not burn floral foam because the fumes can release harmful chemicals.


About the Author


Nicole Hamilton has been a content writer since 2005. She uses her journalistic style to create informative articles for websites such as PencilsandPixelsArt.com. Hamilton earned an Associate of Science in multimedia design from Okaloosa-Walton Community College in Florida.