Can You Grow Mango Trees in Louisiana?
Mango trees (Mangifera indica), native to frost-free tropical southern Asia, will not survive outdoors in Louisiana. The Bayou State's winter low temperatures between 10 and 25 degrees Fahrenheit will kill the mango tree. Growing mango trees outdoors in a permanent location isn't practical.
If grown as a small houseplant after germinating from seed, a mango tree will grow in a container filled with fertile potting mix that is warm and moist but well-drained. If the sapling remains small and the container not too heavy, move the mango outdoors from late April to late October to a sunny location to grow, but relocate it indoors once frosts threaten.
Even with perfect care while growing in a container, the mango becomes a massive tree too large to effectively manage. A spacious atrium or conservatory is needed to house it once maturing 30 to 100 feet tall.
If you choose to sprout a mango seed and grow it as a container plant, be wary of contact with any milky plant sap. People allergic to poison ivy may also develop a contact dermatitis if the leaves, stem or sap are touched. Mango is in the same plant family as poison ivy.
Grow Mango Trees In Pots
Select a container that is 20 inches high and 20 inches wide, or larger. Put a layer of broken pottery in the bottom of the container and add a layer of crushed gravel on top. Use your hand to even out the gravel. Ask a friend to hold the tree steady while you fill the pot to within 2 inches of the rim with potting mix. Top dress the container by adding a 2-inch layer of organic mulch. Move the tree to a location that receives full sun. Water the tree several times a week during the warm season and once every couple of weeks in the winter. Cut the first year flowers off to stimulate growth.
- Purdue University: Mango
- Plant Maps: Interactive USDA Gardening and Plant Hardiness Zone Map for Louisiana
- The American Journal of Tropical Health and Hygiene: Mango Dermatitis
- Daleys Fruit Tree Blog: How to Grow Mangos in a Pot
- National Gardening: Fruit Trees in Containers
- Organic Guide: Growing Fruit in Containers
- Flowerdale Nurseries: Dwarf Mangos
- Iowa State University Extension: Cleaning and Disinfecting Plant Containers
- California Rare Fruit Growers Inc.: Mango
- Small-Space Gardening; Peter Loewer