Venus flytrap plants, also known as Dionea musciplua scientifically, are a rare plant type that is carnivorous. Because of the poor soil conditions of its native soil, the Venus flytrap has adapted to digesting insects to supplement nutritional needs. To grow this plant, an understanding of both natural habitat and adaptations is required. Special conditions relating to moisture and temperature must be maintained to provide a habitable environment for the Venus flytrap.
Venus flytraps are native to swamps in North and South Carolina on the North American continent. Look for the plants to be along the eastern border of both states, with an additional small colony in northern Florida. Find the Venus flytrap in peaty, sandy soil found in pine savannahs where soil is under constant moisture.
Venus flytraps are used to nutrient-poor soil. Do not add fertilizer when growing these plants. Use a potting soil mixture of 50 percent sphagnum moss and 50 percent pumice or perlite, recommends the Botanical Society of America.
Harvesting, transporting or exporting Venus flytraps from natural habitats is illegal, but you can purchase commercially grown plants at greenhouses. Both the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) have listed this plant as endangered and protected under International laws.
Create adaptable climates for the plant with the use of terrariums to provide proper humidity and warmth. Other methods include placing a pan under the pot with an inch of water in the pan; this provides constant moisture for the Venus flytrap. Use small pots since root systems do not gain substantial size.
Keep Venus flytraps out of direct sunlight. Use up to four hours of bright indirect lighting. Keep temperatures in a range between 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit from May through October. Provide a dormancy period during winter with temperatures ranging between 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Move plants to cool areas during dormant states. Use of filtered, bottled or rain water is recommended by the Botanical Society of America because the plant does not adjust well to chemicals typically found in tap water.
- Botanical Society of America: The Venus Flytrap
- International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources: Dionaea muscipula
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora: Dionaea muscipula
- TheGardenHelper: The Venus Flytrap
- FlytrapCare: What are the Basic Things to Know to Keep a Venus Flytrap Alive
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