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Soil Conditions for Growing Poppies

By Robert W. Lewis ; Updated September 21, 2017
Given ideal conditions, Oriental poppies will beautify the garden for many years.
poppy image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com

Poppies, exotic and romantic, are great plants for the garden. These easy-to-care-for biennials will beautify the garden for a long time if given their very basic requirements. Site selection and soil preparation are key to poppy culture.

Site Selection

Choose a sunny site that gets at least six hours of sun a day. If you can't provide full sun, give as much as you can and plant near a wall, preferably white, to reflect heat and light. Choose a well-drained site--a sunny slope is ideal.

Soil Preparation

Poppies like perfect drainage. A sandy loam is ideal. Amend heavy soils with sand or finely ground bark. Poppies benefit from a modest amount of water-retention, so a small amount of compost in sandy soils is recommended. Use no more than one-third compost. Mulch lightly with fine bark to shade roots and retain moisture in dry areas and during drought.


Poppies, native to arid regions like California, the Mediterranean and South-Central Asia, have modest water requirements. Poppies grown in wet climates should be provided perfect drainage. In a dry spell, water deeply at ground-level, trying not to get the leaves wet.


Poppies planted in well-drained soil with modest amounts of compost should not require nutritional supplements at planting. Fertilization should be rare. If needed, use a weak, slow-release flower fertilizer according to label directions.


Clean leaves and petals as they fall. Replenish mulch as needed, but sparingly as mulch can inhibit seed germination. Let seed pods ripen on the stalk before harvesting. Shake pods in place to distribute seeds or save them for sowing at a later time.

Companion Plants

Many plants love the same site and soil conditions as poppies and grow very well in close proximity. Shrubby perennials like lavender and rosemary grow very well with poppies. The addition of yarrow, Queen Anne's lace, black-eyed Susan and purple coneflower make a terrific wildflower garden. Use poppies in the rock garden where they add a splash of color near sedums, sempervivums and edelweiss.


About the Author


Robert Lewis has been writing do-it-yourself and garden-related articles since 2000. He holds a B.A. in history from the University of Maryland and has training experience in finance, garden center retailing and teaching English as a second language. Lewis is an antiques dealer specializing in Chinese and Japanese export porcelain.