Rare Plants of the Philippines
The Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia in the Pacific Ocean. It has a tropical maritime climate, which is one of a lot of humidity and heat. There are three distinct seasons in the Philippines: the dry season, the rainy season and the cool, dry season. The three seasons are conducive for a wide variety of plant life, including endangered species.
The jade vine (strongylodon macrobotrys) is an evergreen, woody vine that can grow up to 70 feet in length. The flowers of the jade vine are bluish-green in color and claw shaped. They can reach up to 5 inches in length and bloom in early spring through summer. It is native to the Philippines and grows in the tropical rain forests. The jade vine grows best in full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained, alkaline soils. The vine does not tolerate cold temperatures or drought.
The fan palm (livistona chinensis) is an evergreen palm that can grow up to 10 feet tall and has spike-like leaves. They are centrally located to China and the Philippines. The trees are very difficult to grow; conditions must be perfect for the tree to survive. The plants need at least 8 hours a day of bright, indirect sunlight; consistent, moist, well-drained soil; and warm temperatures that do not drop below 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
Kabantigi (pemphis acidula) is grown as a small tree or shrub and can reach heights of 33 feet tall. They are densely branched and typically low lying. It flowers in the spring with inconspicuous blooms. They are frequently trained as bonsai trees, especially in Asia. The wood is highly prized by wood carvers because it is heavy and has a naturally twisted shape. The plants are not common but are found along coastal rock areas, gravel and sand.
Tree ferns (cyatheales) are evergreen plants of the rain forest and can be found growing in tropical or subtropical regions. They have trunk-like stems and can grow up to 60 feet tall, but are slow growing. Most ferns reproduce by spores, but tree ferns reproduce by rhizomes, which makes the distribution much more localized. Tree ferns need constant moisture, well-drained soils and plenty of shade throughout the day to survive.