The interesting shapes of evergreen plants and their ability to hold their leaves all year make them ideal for blocking views. The view that you wish to block determines the type of evergreen plant you should use. Urban settings often require evergreens that are more bushy than treelike, while suburban locations may have more of a need for full-sized evergreen trees. Tall or wide, flat or expansive, choose an evergreen that best fits your need.
It is possible to create an environment that causes an unsightly bare patch of ground to disappear. Creeping juniper with its soft green foliage is a plant that likes to hug the surface of the soil and is well suited for the job. A Japanese yew called Monloo is an evergreen that grows up to 10 feet wide and less than 3 feet tall. Both specimens hide unsightly ground views.
An evergreen plant that loves to spread its limbs is the Mugo pine. This plant grows up to 25 feet wide. Prune the plant for height control or simply allow it to grow to its natural height of 25 feet. Another evergreen that likes to spread is the golden Pfitzer juniper. The plant reaches a height of 5 feet and a width of 10 feet at maturity. The old and new foliage of this plant, gold in color, creates a perfect view blocker.
If you prefer to plant your evergreen in a pot on a porch, deck or patio, the dwarf Alberta spruce is one to keep in mind. It grows up to 10 feet tall and 3 feet wide. It has an upright pyramidal form and can easily be removed from the pot and planted directly into the soil. Russian olive is an evergreen that grows up to 10 feet tall and the same in width. It is a slow-growing evergreen and in mid-May produces tiny flowers that have a pleasant scent. This makes a fine specimen for planting on a bank or inclines.
An American holly’s growth rate is between slow and medium, and the plant matures to a height of 50 feet. It is common for this evergreen to reach a spread of up to 40 feet. It has spiny broad leaves and produces tiny red berries. The southern magnolia is an ornamental evergreen that reaches up to 80 feet in height and with a spread of up to 50 feet. It has lustrous green leaves and produces large ivory-colored flowers that are highly fragrant.
- Penn State Consumer Horticulture Center; Using Trees and Shrubs for Privacy and Wind Screening; Emelie Swackhamer, et al.; 2004
- Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation: Creeping Juniper
- University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension: Mugo Pine
- Washington State University Clark County Extension: Golden Pfitzer Juniper
- Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension; Selecting Landscape Plants: Broad-Leaved Evergreens; Diane Relf, et al.