The fastest-growing spruce tree, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, is the triangular-shaped Norway spruce (Picea abies), which is part of many suburban home and rural farm landscapes throughout Europe, the United States and Canada.
Norway spruces may grow as high as 100 feet tall. According to the Arbor Day Foundation, the tree grows 25 inches or greater per year, making it an ideal cover for deer, birds and owls.
Norway spruces are evergreen trees with dark green needles, yellow and purple flowers and drooping, cylindrical cones.
Norway spruces thrive in areas with full sun and well-drained, loamy soil. The tree cannot survive in wet soil conditions and over-watering may cause it to perish.
In manufacturing, the wood is used to make soundboards for stringed instruments, such as violins and guitars. Tree sap is used in varnish and some medicines. In retail, the tree is cut down in December and sold as Christmas trees.
The growth rate of a Norway spruce can be increased by adding more organic matter and high-nitrogen fertilizer to its soil, according to Brigham Young University Idaho.
- Arbor Day Foundation: Norway Spruce Picea Abies
- Arbor Day Foundation; About Growth Rate; Michael Dirr
- University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Norway Spruce Picea Abies -- Nebraska Forest Service
- Virginia Tech - The Department of Forest Resources; Norway Spruce; John R. Seiler, et al.
- Brigham Young University Idaho: Seedling Descriptions