While some plants require natural sunlight in their environment to grow, others don't need it. Most houseplants grown indoors often thrive without direct sunlight and also their leaves may be prone to burning when exposed to too much sunlight. Incandescent and florescent lights can offer sufficient lighting to such plants.
The flamingo flower (Anthurium scherzerianum) is an herbaceous perennial that grows best in low or artificial light conditions. It is an ornamental plant that grows upright and has heart-shaped leaves. The flamingo flower grows to about 3 feet tall and blooms pink to red flowers. The plant grows best in environmental conditions where there is high humidity and good quality water. Repot the flamingo plant every year, and use a liquid fertilizer. It may be grown in containers, in above-the-ground planters, as ground cover, edging or indoors. It also can be used for cut flowers.
Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum) are an herbaceous perennial and common houseplant that thrives in an environment with indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight exposure will cause leaf burn. A spider plant may be grown indoors with exposure to artificial sunlight, be used as ground cover or edging or grown in a hanging basket. It grows to a height of about 1 foot tall and spreads 2 to 4 feet. Water the spider plant evenly to keep the soil moist and feed it a soluble fertilizer if it is grown indoors. A spider plant develops shoots or many mounds of green and white striped or solid leaves. Small, white flowers will also grow along the shoots. The shoots may be rooted to create new plants.
A flame violet (Episcia) is an indoor houseplant that grows at a moderate rate and requires bright to moderate artificial light. Its copper green leaves are oblong, velvety, hairy and puckered, which grow in whorls or rosettes. A flame violet is often planted with other flowers and used as foliage. A flame violet thrives in well-drained soil in a humid area with average to warm temperatures. Avoid overwatering a flame violet. It reaches a size of 4 to 6 inches in both height and length, but will have indefinite trailing. It is used as a hanging plant indoors and also as ground cover.
- Cornell University Cooperative Extension: Artificial Lighting for Decorative Plants
- Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M System: Flamingo Flower
- University of Florida: Anthurium andraeanum Tailflower, Flamingo Flower
- Colorado State University: Spider Plant
- University of Vermont: Episcia (Flame Violet)