Is Zoysia Grass Good in Texas?
Zoysia grass makes a handsome turf grass, with a fine leaf texture and a dark green color. Although Bermuda grass and St. Augustine grass have long been standard choices in Texas, zoysia grass is becoming popular due to its versatility.
Native to China, Japan and other parts of Southeast Asia, zoysia grass is a coarse, sod-forming perennial grass with smooth margins and sharp-pointed leaf blades. It will turn brown after a frost, but is one of the first grasses to turn green in the spring.
Zoysia grass is adaptable to a wide range of soil types, from sand to clay. It grows well in shade and thrives in both acid and alkaline conditions. Zoysia grass is highly drought tolerant and has a deep root system that is capable of extracting moisture from soil in extreme conditions.
The two types of zoysia grass are japonica and matrella. Varieties of japonica include Palisades, JaMur, Crowne and El Toro. Varieties of matrella include Emerald, Cavalier and Diamond.
Start Zoysia Grass
Install zoysia plugs during May, when conditions are optimal for its establishment. Push the plugging tool through the existing lawn until the top of the cutter is even with the surface of the soil. Twist the tool and lift to remove the core. Place the first zoysia plug into the first hole. Avoid applying fertilizers during the first month of zoysia establishment, but do apply a single treatment of nitrogen fertilizer during mid-August to give the grass an extra boost.
- Aggie Horticulture: Zoysiagrass
- Houston Chronicle: Zoysia Grass Works Well in Light Shade
- The University of Texas-Austin: Mr. Smarty Plants: Invasive Nature of Non-native Zoysia Japonica Grass
- Alabama Cooperative Extension System: Zoysiagrass Lawns
- University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Zoysiagrass
- Purdue University: Zoysiagrass
- University of Missouri Extension: Establishment and Care of Zoysia Lawns
- Kansas State University Cooperative Extension Service: Zoysia Lawns