Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

The Life Cycle of a Magnolia Tree

...
Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images

There are around 80 different species of magnolia, most with large, fragrant flowers. Magnolias grow as shrubs or as trees and can reach a height of 60 to 80 feet.

Seedlings

Magnolias can be grown from seeds, from cuttings or by grafting. Seeds are spread by birds, mammals and heavy rains and germinate during the first or second spring after the seed falls. Young seedlings are susceptible to damage from frost.

Saplings/Poles

When magnolias are a few feet high and about 2 to 4 inches in diameter, they’re referred to as saplings. Unlike seedlings, which have a single tap root, saplings develop an extensive root system. Trees with a diameter of 3 to 7 inches are called poles.

Juveniles

Trees grown from seeds have a juvenile stage during which they can’t produce flowers or seeds. This juvenile stage can last 20 or 25 years, but some magnolias start producing seeds in 10 years.

Flowering

Magnolia trees produce perfect flowers, containing both male and female parts. Flowers are fertilized when bees and beetles carry pollen from one flower to another. Individual magnolia flowers may be receptive to fertilization for less than a day.

Lifespan

The average lifespan of magnolias varies, depending on the species. Southern magnolias tend to live around 80 years, but some trees live as long as 120 years.

Related Articles

Care of the Ann Magnolia Tree
Care of the Ann Magnolia Tree
Lifespan of a Magnolia Tree
Lifespan of a Magnolia Tree
When Do Southern Magnolia Flowers Bloom?
When Do Southern Magnolia Flowers Bloom?
Tulip Tree Vs. Magnolia
Tulip Tree Vs. Magnolia
Names of Seed Plants
Names of Seed Plants
Other Names for Magnolia Trees
Other Names for Magnolia Trees
Problems With Magnolia Trees
Problems With Magnolia Trees
Do Magnolia Trees Lose Their Leaves?
Do Magnolia Trees Lose Their Leaves?
Different Varieties of a Magnolia Tree
Different Varieties of a Magnolia Tree
How to Grow an Empress Tree From Seeds
How to Grow an Empress Tree From Seeds
How to Care for Sweetbay Magnolia Trees
How to Care for Sweetbay Magnolia Trees
Magnolia Tree Bark Diseases
Magnolia Tree Bark Diseases
The Symbolism of the Magnolia Flower
The Symbolism of the Magnolia Flower
Magnolia Trees
Magnolia Trees
Magnolia Flower Colors
Magnolia Flower Colors
Garden Guides
×