Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →

Shallow Root Perennials

...
Hemera Technologies/Photos.com/Getty Images

Perennials are plants that live at least 2 to 3 years. Shallow-rooted perennials are low-maintenance plants with multiple roots growing near the soil surface. There are many shallow-rooted perennials.

Types

Shallow-rooted perennials include the purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), yarrow (Achillea millefolium) and Egyptian onions (Allium proliferu L.). The purple loosestrife is indigenous to Europe with approximately 50 stems. Yarrow takes 2 years to mature and is native to Europe. Egyptian onions are fall season perennials that originated in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • Perennials are plants that live at least 2 to 3 years.
  • The purple loosestrife is indigenous to Europe with approximately 50 stems.

Growing Conditions

Perennials with shallow roots require 1 inch of water per week. When rainfall is sparse, using a soaker hose enables the plant to receive the proper amount of moisture. Shallow-rooted perennials need light mulching, as heavy mulching causes these types of plants to smother and die.

Uses

Shallow-rooted perennials planted over septic tanks or drain fields help disguise the placement of unsightly equipment. Gardeners use shallow-rooted perennials for groundcover. Some shallow-rooted perennials, such as onions, are edible and grown as agricultural crops.

Shallow-root Perennials

The nature of the root system makes shallow-rooted perennials a beneficial addition to locations in your garden where you can't risk damage from root penetration, such as when planting over a septic system. Options for sun to part shade include periwinkle (Vinca minor), which grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, a low-growing, shallow-rooted ground cover with blue flowers and dark green leaves. Shallow-rooted perennials require protection from frost. which all grow well in USDA zones 3 through 8, require careful attention in winter and planting in well-drained beds. Mulching benefits shallow-rooted perennials, providing protection to the roots that rest just below the surface. Don't mulch too heavily, however. Rhododendrons (Azalea spp. ),

  • Perennials with shallow roots require 1 inch of water per week.
  • The nature of the root system makes shallow-rooted perennials a beneficial addition to locations in your garden where you can't risk damage from root penetration, such as when planting over a septic system.

Related Articles

Winter Care for Perennial Plants
Winter Care for Perennial Plants
How to Winterize Astilbe
How to Winterize Astilbe
Are Dahlias Annual or Perennials?
Are Dahlias Annual or Perennials?
How to Care for Perennial Snapdragons
How to Care for Perennial Snapdragons
Planting Iris Bulbs in Spring
Planting Iris Bulbs in Spring
How to Plant Buttercups
How to Plant Buttercups
How to Propagate the Blanket Flower
How to Propagate the Blanket Flower
How to Transplant Allium
How to Transplant Allium
Is Calibrachoa Deer Resistant?
Is Calibrachoa Deer Resistant?
How to Propagate Elephant Ears
How to Propagate Elephant Ears
Garlic Planting Instructions
Garlic Planting Instructions
How to Prepare Aster Flowers for Winter
How to Prepare Aster Flowers for Winter
How to Grow Elephant Ears in Zone 6
How to Grow Elephant Ears in Zone 6
What Do Buttercup Flowers Look Like?
What Do Buttercup Flowers Look Like?
How to Plant Anemone Bulbs
How to Plant Anemone Bulbs
Garden Guides
×