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How to Take Dracaena Cuttings

By Tricia Rush
Lucky bamboo is a popular Dracaena.

Dracaena are popular foliage plants raised both indoors and out. Most are native to Africa although a few come from Asia and one from Central America. Corn plants and lucky bamboos are both Dracaenas. There are two groupings of Dracaena: dragon trees, which are much taller with stiff leaves and woody trunks; and shrubby Dracaena, which are smaller with flexible leaves and smaller stems. Shrubby Dracaena are common as houseplants. They are relatively easy to grow and propagate as long as they are kept out of direct sunlight and are kept moist.

A well-hydrated plant gives healthy cuttings.

Water your plant well several hours prior to taking a cutting.

Prepare 4-inch pots with light soil. Mix regular potting soil/compost with a generous amount of perlite and fill pots.

Press holes in the soil using your thumb.

Water the soil thoroughly and let the excess drain out the bottom. The soil should remain very moist.

Select a healthy stem from the top of the plant and remove the leaves.

Stem node with leaves.

Cut the stem cleanly, without crushing or tearing, about 1 cm above the stem node, which is where leaves attach to the stem.

Dip the base in rooting hormone. Be careful to remember which side is down. Ensure the base is covered with the rooting hormone powder and that it does not dislodge when you put the cutting in the soil.

Dracaena are often planted in decorative groupings.

Repeat with multiple cuttings.

Tuck the cutting gently into the indentations in the soil and pack soil lightly around the stem so that it stands firmly.

Place a plastic bag over the pot to form a small greenhouse and mist the cuttings frequently. It may take weeks or months for the cutting to form roots.


Things You Will Need

  • 4-inch pots
  • Potting soil
  • Perlite
  • Sharp scissors, secateurs or knife
  • Rooting hormone
  • Small plastic bags
  • Misting bottle


  • The greatest danger is that your cuttings will dry out. As the cuttings have no roots they need to absorb moisture through the stem. Keep the soil moist and mist often.

About the Author


Residing in Dublin, Tricia Rush has been writing for websites and local drama societies since 1998. Her recommendations on learning Japanese have appeared in "Everyday Japanese Newsletter." She also worked as a research assistant at Tokyo University. Rush holds an honors Bachelor of Arts in anthropology and archaeology from the University of British Columbia.