Native to Asia, peach trees thrive in the U.S. when planted within U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 8, where the temperatures do not fall below minus 20 degrees F in winter. Known as the "queen of fruits," according to Ohio State University Extension, peach trees require year-round care in order to produce bountiful amounts of fruit year after year. Preparing your peach trees for their winter dormancy will help to ensure good health and vigor.
Prune the peach trees back in the late fall, when they are dormant, using a pruning saw. Remove at least 40 percent of the branches during the fall pruning. Heavy pruning will encourage new growth and fruiting in the spring.
Remove mulch from around the base of the peach trees before the ground freezes. Mulch is warm and inviting to rodents and insects that may also try to bore their way into the roots and trunks of the peach trees. Use a rake to remove the mulch; replacing it again in the spring after the winter thaw.
Paint the trunk of the peach trees and the lower branches using a white latex paint. Painting the trunks and lower branches will help prevent sunscald, which can cause the bark to split.
Refrain from watering the peach trees after the month of October. This will encourage dormancy and promote winter hardiness. Watering should resume in the spring after the ground thaws.
Cease fertilizing after the month of September. Fertilizing promotes new growth, which is not necessary during the winter. Giving the peach trees a break from fertilizing, promotes dormancy and increases spring vigor. Resume fertilizing after the winter thaw.
Things You Will Need
- Pruning saw
- White latex paint
- Pruning paint is not a requirement for peach trees.
- Never use oil-based white paint on your peach trees.
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