Located in the southern part of the United States, Louisiana provides a long growing season for fruits and vegetables. Fruit trees like kumquat, orange and pawpaw do well in the climate. Louisiana's USDA hardiness zones are 8a, 8b and 9b, which means garden work is best suited for cool months.
The temperatures in late fall and on into February are mild enough for planting in Louisiana. Fruit trees and shrubs should be planted early enough in the season to allow the trees to establish themselves before the heat of summer.
Citrus and other fruit trees need full sun for an abundant yield of fruit. Choose a sunny location with good soil drainage. The fruit tree that does need shade in the early stages is the pawpaw. Once the tree is established, it does well in full sun.
Fruit trees in Louisiana should be pruned in February, if you want to maintain their height. Pear and apple trees should not be pruned to avoid injuring the spurs that produce the fruit. Simply remove dead or diseased limbs from these trees. Fruit trees need plenty of moisture in the soil for good fruit production and should be mulched before summer. Fertilize the fruit trees once a year from January into March.