Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!

How to Grow a Habanero Pepper

By Angela LaFollette
Grow your own habanero peppers instead of purchasing them from a store.
Habaneros Chili image by roger from Fotolia.com

Habanero peppers are some of the hottest peppers in the world. The peppers grow to a length of 1 to 2 1/2 inches, and they appear red or orange in color. These peppers commonly grow in areas like Mexico, Costa Rice and Belize. You can grow the seeds indoors, outdoors or in a greenhouse. Habanero peppers add spice to many dishes, and you can preserve them to enjoy the spicy peppers year-round.

Prepare the habanero seeds six to 10 weeks before the last frost. Place the habanero pepper seeds in a bowl. Fill the bowl with warm water and allow them to soak overnight.

Mix an equal amount of soil, vermiculite and sand. Fill a seed tray that has drainage holes with this medium.

Sow the seeds ΒΌ inch deep and 1 inch apart. Water the soil to keep it moist. Place clear plastic wrap over the seed tray to cover them.

Set the seeds in a sunny windowsill in bright and indirect sunlight. The soil temperature needs to remain between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Water the seeds to moisten the soil when it feels dry. Once the seeds germinate, remove the plastic wrap from the seed tray. This can take up to six weeks to occur.

Thin out the weakest seedlings after they have grown two sets of true leaves.

Transplant the pepper seedlings to their own individual 6-inch growing pots. Continue to water the habanero peppers and keep them in a warm location.


Things You Will Need

  • Bowl
  • Warm water
  • Soil
  • Vermiculite
  • Sand
  • Seed tray with drainage holes
  • Clear plastic wrap
  • Soil thermometer
  • 6-inch growing pot

About the Author


Angela LaFollette holds a Bachelor of Arts in advertising with a minor in political science from Marshall University. LaFollette found her passion for writing during an internship as a reporter for "The West Virginia Standard" in 2007. She has more than six years of writing experience and specializes in topics in garden and pets.