Jasmine Flowers & Colors
Jasmine (Jasminum) is a tropical shrub or vine that produces clusters of small flowers against bright green foliage. Jasmine is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 8 to 10 and is available with yellow, white or bicolor blooms. Jasmines should be planted in neutral to slightly acidic soil and require constant pruning and shaping. This invasive plant thrives in full sun to part shade in hottest climates and requires regular water.
Italian jasmine (J. humile), primrose jasmine (J. mesnyi) and winter jasmine (J. nudiflorum) produce yellow blooms. Italian jasmine is an evergreen shrub or vine with shoots that can reach 20 feet. Fragrant, yellow flowers bloom in clusters in summer. This jasmine may be used as a hedge. Primrose jasmine is an evergreen shrub with long, arching branches up to 10 feet long. Flowers are large for jasmine--up to 2 inches across--and are lemon yellow and unscented. Winter jasmine produces unscented bright yellow flowers in late winter or early spring. This plant is a vine-like shrub that can tolerate the coldest end of the jasmine climate spectrum and can grow to 15 feet on a trellis.
White is the most common color for jasmine and many varieties, including poet's jasmine (J. officinale), South African jasmine (J. angulare) and Spanish jasmine (J. grandiflorum) produce white blooms. Poet's Jasmine, also known as common white jasmine, is a semievergreen vine that can grow to 30 feet. Blooms are 1-inch across and fragrant. This jasmine blooms in summer. South African jasmine is an evergreen vine that bears unscented white flowers in summer and Spanish jasmine is a deciduous vine that produces fragrant white flowers in summer.
African (J. multipartitum), angelwing (J. nitidum) and J. polyanthum are fragrant bicolor jasmine varieties. African jasmine is an evergreen shrub that produces pink buds that open to white flowers in summer. This jasmine can grow to 3 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Angelwing, also known as shining jasmine, is a vine that produces fragrant 1-inch blooms that are white on top and purple underneath. J. polyanthum is an evergreen vine that can grow to 20 feet and produces clusters of flowers that are white on top and rose on the outside. Flowers bloom in late winter and early spring.
- Floridata: Jasminum mesnyi
- "Sunset National Garden Book": by the editors of Sunset Publishing and Sunset Magazine; 1997
- North Carolina State University: Jasminum officinale