Different Jasmine Flowers & Colors: White, Yellow and Pink
There are approximately 200 species of true jasmine (Jasminum spp.), which are a group of flowering tropical plants that can often be grown as shrubs or vines. Some species are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves in the fall, while others are evergreen.
All jasmine species produce clusters of small flowers. The colors of jasmine are typically white or yellow, with some white species having hints of pink. And while jasmine flowers are known for their sweet fragrance, some species produce unscented blooms.
White Jasmine Flowers
The majority of jasmine species, including some of the best known varieties, produce white flowers.
Also known as the poet's jasmine, common jasmine (Jasminum officinale) is native to China and other parts of Asia. It blooms from early summer to fall.
This species produces 1-inch-wide flowers that are white or a very pale pink and intensely fragrant. In fact, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden, just one common jasmine vine is all you need to imbue an entire garden with perfume.
Common jasmine is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 7 to 10.
Arabian jasmine (Jasminum sambac) is a broadleaf evergreen species that, like common jasmine, produces white flowers with a potent fragrance. The flowers of this species are about an inch wide.
It is hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11 and blooms from June to August, per the Missouri Botanical Garden.
Yellow Jasmine Flowers
Certain species of jasmine have yellow flowers. Some botany experts have placed these species into the genus Chrysojasminum.
Winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) is a deciduous species that produces 1-inch yellow flowers in winter or early spring, before the foliage unfurls. The flowers are not fragrant.
When grown as a vine, winter jasmine can reach lengths of up to 15 feet. If grown as a shrub, it reaches heights of 4 feet with widths of about 7 feet. It is hardy in USDA zones 6 to 10.
Italian jasmine (Jasminum humile) is an evergreen shrub or vine with shoots that can reach lengths of 20 feet. Fragrant, tubular yellow flowers appear in clusters throughout the summer.
This species is hardy in USDA zones 7 to 9.
Primrose jasmine (Jasminum mesnyi) is an evergreen shrub native to China that has long, arching branches that can grow up to 10 feet long. It is hardy in USDA zones 8 to 10.
The flowers of primrose jasmine are yellow and relatively large, with widths of around 2 inches, and are unscented. Flowers are often semi-double and have between 6 and 10 petals.
Pink Jasmine Buds
White and yellow are not the only colors of jasmine, however, as pink buds also exist.
Hardy in USDA zones 9 and 10, pink jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum) gets its name from the plant's rose-colored buds, which grow in dense clusters and open to white, star-shaped fragrant flowers.
Pink jasmine is an evergreen variety that blooms in late winter and spring.
- Clemson Cooperative Extension: Jasmine
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Jasminum officinale
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Jasminum nudiflorum
- Missouri Botanical Garden: Jasminum sambac
- NC State Extension: Jasminum
- Gardenia.net: Jasminum Polyanthum (Pink Jasmine)
- Oregon State University: Landscape Plants - Jasminum polyanthum
- NC State Extension: Chrysojasminum humile
- Oregon State University: Jasminum mesnyi
Since beginning her career as a professional journalist in 2007, Nathalie Alonso has covered a myriad of topics, including arts, culture and travel, for newspapers and magazines in New York City. She holds a B.A. in American Studies from Columbia University and lives in Queens with her two cats.