Persia is also known as Iran, which is located in western Asia. Persia's climate ranges dramatically from arid to subtropical. The landscape has rugged mountain ranges and dense rainforests. This range of climates makes Iran an excellent place for a wide variety of flowers and other plant life to grow.
According to The Flower Expert, the red rose (Rosa) is the national flower of Iran. It is a perennial flower that is often seen as a symbol of love and beauty. Roses prefer well-drained soil and full sunlight. Red roses range in size depending on the type of the plant. Miniature roses usually do not get more than 6 inches tall, while the climbers can grow as tall as 40 feet. The stems are thick, rounded and thorny. They produce a fruit in late summer called the rose hip that is full of seed. Roses bloom from June to September.
Persian Carpet Flower
The Persian carpet flower (Edithcolea grandis) is a perennial evergreen. It is a warm-weather plant that prefers partial shade and well-drained soils. It has a high tolerance for heat and drought. The flowers are 3 inches in diameter and bloom from early spring to late summer, with brown spots. They have a strong smell that attracts flies for pollination. The plant usually does not grow taller than 6 inches.
The Persian cyclamen (Cyclamen Persicu) is a flowering perennial that blooms from early spring to late summer. The flowers range in color from red, white, deep purple, pink to lavender. It is a member of the primrose family and grows 6 to 10 inches tall. It requires cool temperatures and bright, indirect light and prefers well-drained soils. When the plant stops blooming, it should be placed in a cool, dark room and allowed to dry out. Bring the plant out in the spring, water the soil and place it in a sunny place and it will rebloom.
Tulips (tulipa) are bulbous perennials that produce large, showy flowers. Inverted tulips look like regular tulips that grow upside down and in groups on long stems. These plants usually grow up to 2 feet tall and bloom in early spring. Flower colors include pink, purple, orange, red, white, blue and yellow. They prefer climates with long, cool winters, partial shade and well-drained soils.