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Plants & Flowers in Iraq

iraq flag icon. (with clipping path) image by Andrey Zyk from

There are currently more than 3300 plants and flowers in the country of Iraq. Popular flowers include the red yucca and Jericho rose. Arabic trees are also common throughout the country. Since Iraq is mostly a desert region, most of the plants found in this country boast a high drought and saline tolerance. Middle eastern plants are generally hardy, having successfully adapted to harsh conditions over vast topography and climate conditions.

Red Yucca

This perennial flower commonly reaches heights between 2 and 4 feet. Red yucca is characterized by loose mounding, erect flower stalks, which are slow growing. Sword-shaped, narrow leaves make up red yucca foliage in shades of grayish green. Flowers frequently appear on the tips in a spike-like fashion in shades of rose or coral, and typically bloom from late spring until fall. Red yucca is commonly planted in mass along flower gardens in the Middle East and other regions known for intense heat. Plant red yucca in full sun exposure for optimal growth. Red yucca is drought tolerant, generally pest-free and is known to attract hummingbirds.

Jericho Rose

Rose von Jericho - trocken image by Marem from

The Jericho rose is a popular desert flower found throughout the country of Iraq and surrounding middle eastern regions. As a desert flower, the Jericho rose is drought tolerant and prefers full sun exposure for optimal growth. It is also known as the resurrection flower or dinosaur plant due to its ability to survive in a dormant, curled-up state for many years before opening up and turning green once again. In the desert, the Jericho rose will blow like a tumbleweed until it lands upon a water source.

Gum Arabic Tree

Gum Tree in the Desert 137 image by Dianne Burridge from

Gum Arabic tree, also known as Senegal gum, kumta and Sudan gum Arabic, is prevalent throughout the region of Iraq and other areas of the Middle East. This tree commonly reaches heights up to 60 feet tall and features a rough, blackish bark amongst spiny branches. It thrives in full sun exposure and is often found along rocky hillsides or low-lying savannas. Gum Arabic tree is extremely drought tolerant and can successfully grow in numerous adverse conditions, but does not do well in regions that experience frost. Gum is often extracted from the cracks of the tree’s bark and harvested as an export for use in inks, pottery pigments, wax polishes, water-colors and dressing fabrics.

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