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The Effect of Succession Abiotic Factors

By Jonas Martonas

Succession refers to the colonization of plant communities following a disturbance such as flooding, fire or pollution. Once the stress has been removed, natural processes allow an ecosystem to become reestablished.

Light

Light requirements differ for many plants. During succession, light can influence which plants can most readily colonize an area following a disturbance.

Soil

The type of soil can dictate which plants are able to become established. Clay soils can hold more nutrients, and sand soils do not hold as much water.

Water

Water is essential to all forms of life; however, the required amount varies among species. Water quality and quantity can play a strong role in promoting or inhibiting species colonization.

Nutrients

Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are often limited in successional areas. Species with lower nutrient requirements have a greater chance of successfully maintaining a population.

Time

Ecological succession is a slow process, relying on soil formation and vegetation communities. The amount of time required to reach a stable ecosystem is related to the size and intensity of the most recent disturbance.

 

About the Author

 

Jonas Martonas has loved and studied the environment for more than 10 years. He has seven years of experience in evaluating and preparing technical reports for various government agencies. Martonas has been the primary author on hundreds of government technical reports and has been published on various websites. He holds a Master of Science in environmental science.