How to Care for an Emerald Green Arborvitae
Beloved by gardeners throughout the northern United States, Emerald Green American arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis "Smaragd") graces yards from coast to coast. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, this dependable conifer is prized for its narrow, pyramidal form and glossy emerald-green foliage. Whether planted singly or in a stately hedge, Emerald Green arborvitae thrives with minimal care.
Starting Emerald Green Right
Give Emerald Green arborvitae a location with six to eight hours of direct sun each day. With less sun, Emerald Green loses some of the density, uniformity and outstanding color homeowners love. The tree shares its native North American ancestors' rot-resistant wood but prefers well-drained soil. Emerald Green adapts to a wide range of conditions, but near-neutral soil pH is best for health and color. When planting hedges, space Emerald Green arborvitaes 18 to 24 inches from center to center for a thick, luxuriant hedge.
Meeting Moisture Needs
Water a newly planted Emerald Green regularly for two to three years. Don't let it dry out, but encourage roots to grow deep. Water thoroughly and deeply when you water, then monitor the soil. When the top few inches dry, water thoroughly again. Once established, the tree rarely needs supplemental water. Unlike some arborvitaes that discolor in heat or cold, Emerald Green holds its striking color all year. Water deeply before the ground freezes in fall, so the tree enters winter hydrated. Mulch to retain moisture and keep down weeds.
Emerald Green does well without fertilizer in all but the poorest soil. But for an optional lift, broadcast granular, all-purpose, 16-16-16 fertilizer at the base of the plant in spring. For young trees, use 2 tablespoons per plant. For trees over 6 feet tall, increase the amount to 1/4 cup. Broadcast the granules about 12 inches out around the trunk, and scratch them gently into the soil. Then water the area well so fertilizer contacts the soil and begins to work.
Pruning and Shearing
Emerald Green grows up to 12 inches per year until it nears 15 feet in height and 4 feet in width. Growth continues, but the rate is extremely slow. Hedges are often left natural or pruned to even only the tops. Minimal pruning maintains hedges at 8 to 15 feet. For a uniform look, shear Emerald Green in early summer with power hedge trimmers. Wear gloves, protective clothing and safety goggles when you shear. Avoid pruning in fall or early winter; it may reduce hardiness. Deer delight in arborvitaes, but Emerald Green rebounds quickly if deer browse.
Spider mites plague some arborvitaes, but Emerald Green resists the pests. Shake some branches over a piece of paper in autumn, and check the paper for fallen mites. Treat affected trees with ultra-fine horticultural oil in fall. If you spray, wear gloves and protective clothing and eyewear. Mix 5 tablespoons of oil per 1 gallon of water. Spray interior branches and all sides of the foliage until wet, but not to the point of runoff. Never spray when temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit or when trees are stressed by heat or drought.
Jolene Hansen is a lifelong gardening enthusiast and former horticulture professional. She is passionate about reshaping the way people experience gardens and gardening. Hansen's work appears regularly in consumer and trade publications, as well as numerous internet gardening and lifestyle channels.