How to Propagate Blueberries
Blueberry plants produce tasty fruits and provide an attractive feature in your garden or landscape. Instead of attempting to plant blueberries from seed, consider starting your blueberry crop from cuttings of a mature, healthy blueberry bush. This is the most common method of blueberry propagation, because it holds the highest potential for success.
In the spring, take 3 to 6 inches of cuttings. The cuttings should be from the tips of the stems. A small pair of garden scissors will work nicely.
Pull off the bottom leaves from the stem, leaving only the top pair of leaves.
In a pot, combine a mix of half peat moss and half sand. Combine the peat moss and sand thoroughly. Place the cutting into the peat-sand mix, allowing only the top one-third of the cutting to stick out of the soil.
Water the cuttings slightly. The soil should be kept moist, but not overly wet. Keep in a high humidity area.
The cuttings should root in a few weeks. Once the new rooted cuttings have matured a bit, place them in a larger pot. They can be moved to the garden the following year.
Propagate Blueberries From Cuttings
Three species of blueberries (Vaccinium spp.) Be sure the plant providing the cuttings is the right type for your local climate or you may grow a plant that looks pretty, but which doesn’t produce any fruit. Highbush blueberries grow well from both hardwood and softwood cuttings. Before gathering blueberry cuttings, it’s best to prepare all the necessary equipment to make the process faster and safer for the cuttings. Rinse the blades and let them air-dry on a clean paper towel. Sever the cutting at a 45-degree angle using your sharp, clean pruning shears and remove any foliage from along the lowest 1 to 2 inches. Place the pots in a sheltered, bright location out of direct sunlight. Mist the cuttings daily and keep the growing medium moist until the cuttings root, which should take a few months. Blueberry cuttings require very little hands-on care once rooted, although they still need occasional misting and watering to keep them hydrated. Grow the cuttings in their pots for a full season before transplanting them into 2-gallon nursery pots filled with loamy soil with a pH of between 5.0 and 5.5. Water weekly and continue feeding them with dilute fertilizer during the summer months. Grow the blueberry cuttings under light shade until the following autumn before transplanting them into a container or permanent bed.