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Purple Flower Identification

Purple Flowers image by luagpics from Fotolia.com

The same plant can come in many colors and those that have a purple variety offer shades from the palest violet to deep purple. Pick more than one shade and blend them in with gold or deep yellow flowers for a royal color scheme. Use your imagination with purple flowers to create the kind of garden you want.

Varieties

Heliotrope (Heliotropium arborescens) is a broadleaf evergreen native to Peru. Angelonia ( Angelonia angustifolia) is a member of the figwort family and native to Mexico and the West Indies. Lobelia (Lobelia erinus) is a native of South Africa that produces a profusion of flowers. Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is native to the United States, Canada and Mexico and a member of the mint family.

  • The same plant can come in many colors and those that have a purple variety offer shades from the palest violet to deep purple.
  • Lobelia (Lobelia erinus) is a native of South Africa that produces a profusion of flowers.

Dimensions

Heliotrope grows from 1 to 6 feet tall with a similar spread. Angelonia reaches a height of 12 to 18 inches with a spread of about 12 inches. Lobelia measures 6 to 9 inches tall and 6 to 12 inches wide. Wild bergamot grows to a height of 2 to 4 feet with a spread of 2 to 3 feet.

Features

Sweet-smelling, violet-purple heliotrope flowers grow in large clusters from summer to fall. Oval, dark-green leaves measure 3 inches long.

Angelonia features thin evergreen leaves from 2 to 3 inches long. Rose-lilac or violet-purple flowers measure 1 inch across and grow in thin clusters up to 8 inches long in the summer.

  • Heliotrope grows from 1 to 6 feet tall with a similar spread.
  • Rose-lilac or violet-purple flowers measure 1 inch across and grow in thin clusters up to 8 inches long in the summer.

Lobelia produces tube-shaped violet flowers with yellow or white accents grow in clusters and bloom from April to June.

Wild bergamot produces tube-shaped, pink-lavender purple flowers from July through September in clusters at the top of the stems and will attract both bees and butterflies. The flowers are accented by aromatic, oblong, gray-green leaves that grow up to 4 inches long.

Environment

Plant heliotrope in full sun or partial shade and a moist, rich well-drained soil. Plant angelonia in full sun. Let the soil go dry before watering. The plant will not take a wet soil. Plant lobelia in full sun or partial shade and a soil that is organic, moist and well-drained.

  • Lobelia produces tube-shaped violet flowers with yellow or white accents grow in clusters and bloom from April to June.
  • Wild bergamot produces tube-shaped, pink-lavender purple flowers from July through September in clusters at the top of the stems and will attract both bees and butterflies.

Wild bergamot performs best in full sun nor partial shade. Give the plant a soil that is well drained. The plant is not fussy about the type of soil, but does need good air circulation.

Area

Heliotrope is grown as a perennial in USDA zones 10 and 11 and as an annual in other areas. Use angelonia as a perennial in zones 9 to 11 and as an annual in other areas. Lobelia is a perennial in zones 10 and 11 and an annual in the rest of the country. Wild bergamot grows as a perennial in zones 3 to 9.

  • Wild bergamot performs best in full sun nor partial shade.
  • Heliotrope is grown as a perennial in USDA zones 10 and 11 and as an annual in other areas.
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