Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!

How to Grow Timothy Grass Hay

By Christina Wheeler ; Updated September 21, 2017
Timothy Hay provides excellent nutrition to livestock.

Timothy hay is choice hay for farmers because it provides fiber and is high in nutrients for livestock animals. It is a cool-season grass that tolerates the winter well. Timothy hay produces roots in the fall and spring, some of which are shed in the winter months. It prefers a sandy loam-based soil that is well-drained and a full sun location.

Choose a location with well-drained sandy loam soil with adequate sun exposure. Remove unwanted vegetation in the fall prior to spring planting. Spray the entire area with an herbicide and till the area with the rotary tiller to remove unwanted weeds and grasses. Apply a fertilizer rich in potassium and phosphorus to the area, following the label directions.

Turn the soil with a rotary tiller in the late winter or early spring for planting. Reapply the fertilizer to the soil, working it into the dirt with the rotary tiller.

Apply the Timothy grass seed. Fill a spreader with 8 to 12 lbs. of seed per acre. Spread the seed in paths across the area until the entire surface has been covered.

Water the area generously until the soil is moist. Continue watering through the spring, preventing dry soil.

Cut the hay after the first flower, leaving a grass base of 6 inches. The first cutting of Timothy hay is the most nutrient-rich.


Things You Will Need

  • Herbicide
  • Fertilizer
  • Rotary tiller
  • Spreader attachment for tractor.