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What Plants Go Well With Elephant Ear Plants?

By Jacob J. Wright ; Updated September 21, 2017
Caladiums are sometimes called
feuille de caladium image by Unclesam from Fotolia.com

Plants in the aroid family with large shield-like leaves are often dubbed "elephant ears." Often the frilly, multicolored leaves of caladiums (Caladium spp.) are planted to embellish and complement the flower colors of plants in summer annual beds and containers. Other elephant ears (Colocasia spp., Alocasia spp. and Xanthosoma spp.) bear variously colored large leaves, but the overall key to using companion plants around elephant ears is contrast in color and leaf textures according to "The Exotic Garden."


Frilly fern leaves complement the large, bold elephant ear leaves.
green fern image by yurik from Fotolia.com

The dainty foliage of ferns visually contrast the large, bold-sized leaves of elephant ears well. Juxtapose the foliage to amplify their differences. Also, consider using contrasting foliage colors of ferns with elephant ears; dark leaf elephant ears surrounded by chartreuse or light green fern fronds create heightened contrast.


Coleus leaves come in an array of patterns and colors.
coleus image by cusrach from Fotolia.com

Coleus (Solenostemon spp.) are fast-growing herbaceous foliage plants with leaves that can range in color from yellow or green to purple, rust brown or burgundy-red. Their leaves are smaller than those of elephant years so they naturally complement each other. Pairing coleus with caladiums is particularly enjoyable as you can mimic or echo the colors in the caladium leaves in those of the coleus. For example, an elephant ear leaf that is specked with white and pink will look good near a coleus with solid purple or light green leaves. A general rule: if your elephant ear is a solid color, pair it with a multicolored coleus leaf variety, or vice versa.


Pink flowering tuberous begonia contrasts with elephant ears.
begonia image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com

Begonias grown around elephant ears bring a splash of color with their flowers, especially wax and tuberous begonia types. Use ever-blooming begonias to echo a color in the elephant ear leaves, such as using a pink or red begonia around elephant ear leaves with speckles or veins of red and pink. Or, green-leaved elephant ears can be made brighter by being surrounded by large numbers of flowering begonias because the petal colors and small size make great contrast.

Other Elephant Ears

A large green elephant ear (Alocasia sp.) needs a colorful companion.
tropical leaves image by green308 from Fotolia.com

Play with different leaf colors and patterns among elephant ear plants, regardless of their botanical identity. For example, if one elephant ear plant produces solid-colored green leaves, consider intermingling it with another elephant ear that grows dark purple leaves or one that is speckled and striped. Again, visual contrast among leaves adds the design interest.


About the Author


Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware.