Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!

Varieties of Seed Potatoes

By Victoria Ries ; Updated September 21, 2017
Seed potatoes ready to be cut
seed potatoes image by hazel proudlove from Fotolia.com

There is nothing more satisfying than growing your own potatoes from seed. There are many varieties of seed potato from which to choose, each having its own special qualities and flavor. From red to gold, you are sure to find a seed potato variety suitable for your intended use. After purchasing seed potatoes, they may be cut into sections containing "eyes"--the seed part of the potato--and left out at room temperature to form a scab on the cut sides. Then they are ready to plant.

Yukon Gold

Yukon Gold: An all-purpose potato
potato image by Yury Shirokov from Fotolia.com

Yukon Gold are a popular variety of seed potato for their medium to high yields and storage qualities. This midseason variety of seed potato has oval tubers which are flattened in appearance, with pink eyes and yellowish skin. The leaves of the Yukon Gold are shiny and olive-colored, with light violet-colored flowers. The plants grow upright on a stem that is purple from ground level, then changes to green at the top of the stem. Yukon Golds are good for French fries, boiling, mashing and baking. They retain their attractive yellow-gold color even after cooking.


Chieftain, a variety of red potato
red potatoes image by Karin Lau from Fotolia.com

Chieftain potatoes mature at midseason with good yields of white-fleshed tubers with good storage capabilities. Chieftain's oblong tubers are bright red with shallow eyes that are evenly distributed. Plant stems are medium height and green in color, with dark-green leaves spreading out at maturity. The flowers of this variety are light violet and large, with yellow anthers containing fertile pollen. This variety can be boiled or made into French fries. They make outstanding chips.


Eramosa, a white, high-yielding early variety
several white potatoes piled on a cutting board image by David Smith from Fotolia.com

Eramosa are high-yielding seed potatoes with excellent storage capabilities. Maturing earlier than most varieties, this potato is well-suited for fresh markets. Eramosa's small, oval tubers have smooth, white skin with white flesh and shallow eyes. They are resistant to hollow heart and skinning. Plants are medium in size with olive-green leaves. Flowers on the Eramosa variety of potato are scant with pubescent flower buds. Boiling and baking are Eramosa's best culinary qualities.


About the Author


Victoria Ries is a freelance writer whose work has been published in various print magazines, including "Guideposts," "BackHome," New Homesteading" and "Mother Earth News." Ries enjoys working on diverse topics such as travel, animal rescue, health and home business. Ries is currently working on her B.A. in psychology.