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List of English Flowers

butterfly on achillea, image by hazel proudlove from

English gardens are full of lushly blooming flowers in a wide array of colors and textures. Often called cottage gardens, these landscapes are informal, romantic and fragrant. English flowers are those that are traditionally simple to care for, hardy and prolific, according to the Texas Cooperative Extension. They are also easily propagated and are often shared with other home gardeners.

Achillea (Achillea spp.)

Achillea is a hardy perennial. This early-summer bloomer needs very little care to produce large, bright flowers. The wide, flat flowers are red, pink, white or yellow. Sometimes called by its traditional name of yarrow, achillea thrives in drought conditions and even in poor soil. A. filipendulina is a popular cultivar that has long, silver-green leaves that are reminiscent of ferns, adding another layer of beauty and romance to the English garden.

Delphiniums (Delphinium spp.)

Delphiniums are one of the best-loved of all the English flowers, according to Bella Online. These plants feature tall, sturdy spikes covered with masses of small flowers and come in shades of purple, creamy white, pink and true blue. Delphiniums are excellent as back border plants, especially when placed against a white picket fence, and range from 2 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Delphiniums thrive in rich, moist soil and sun or part shade.

Lavender (Lavendula spp.)

Lavender is a classic English garden flower, not only for its beauty, but also for its usefulness. Herbs are common in English gardens, and this pleasantly scented herb is one of the most desirable. L. angustifolia is especially popular for its deep, purple flowers. All lavender plants enjoy acidic soil on the dry side. They have shallow roots, so overly wet soil can lead to root rot. Lavender grows best in full sun and in an open area where they can spread into a neat, mounded shape.

Marigolds (Calenda officinalis)

Marigolds have been planted in English gardens for hundreds of years, according to Bella Online. These brightly-colored beauties are usually orange or yellow and were traditionally used to garnish food and add color to butter and cheese. Marigolds thrive in sunny, rich soil that is moist but not soggy. They are also excellent when planted in a vegetable garden, as they repel many garden pests.

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