Jades, those big, beautiful succulents with dark green, fleshy leaves, are among the most familiar of all indoor plants. Jades aren't difficult to grow as long as they aren't watered excessively, and rarely need repotting because they thrive if their roots are slightly crowded. However, every few years, a healthy jade outgrows its pot and needs to be moved to a new container.The best time to repot a jade tree is between late February and late March, while light levels are still low and growth is slow.
Purchase a pot just one size larger than the jade tree's current pot. Select a pot with a sturdy base, and be sure the pot has at least one drainage hole in the bottom.
Fill the pot about one-third full with commercial potting soil combined with a handful of sand to improve drainage. If you prefer, use a commercial potting soil for cactus and succulents.
Remove the jade tree carefully from its pot. If the plant doesn't come out easily, thump the side of the pot with the heel of your hand to loosen the roots. Place the palm of your hand on the soil with the trunk between your fingers, and guide the plant out of the pot. Avoid pulling the plant by its trunk.
Set the plant carefully in the new pot. The jade should be planted at the same level in the soil at which it was planted in its previous pot. If necessary, add more soil to the bottom to bring the plant to the proper level. Add soil to the outer edge of the pot, and pat the soil gently around the roots.
Place the jade tree in moderate light such as a window facing west or east. Avoid placing the plant in bright sunlight, which can scorch the plant.
Withhold water for about a week after planting to give the roots a chance to settle in and heal. After a week, water lightly so the soil is just slightly damp, as soggy soil is the fastest way to destroy a jade tree. Jades do best when the soil is slightly on the dry side.