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How to Grow Caesalpinia Pulcherrima As House Plant

By Annita Lawson ; Updated September 21, 2017

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly called red bird of paradise or peacock flower, is a tropical plant native to the West Indies. It has fern-like foliage and showy, unusual looking flowers in a variety of colors, including red, orange and pink. Caesalpinia pulcherrimais is hardy only in USDA Zones 8 to 11 and must be grown indoors in all other areas. It is not a very fussy plant and will do well as long as its light and moisture requirements are met.

Fill a growing container within 1 inch of the rim with potting soil. The container must have drainage holes in the bottom to keep the plant from remaining too moist.

Plant caesalpinia pulcherrima at the same level it was originally growing. Water the plant until the soil is very moist to the touch. Place the container in a location that receives bright sunlight the majority of the day.

Water the plant whenever the top of the soil feels dry. Avoid adding small bits of water at a time. Soak the plant thoroughly at each watering.

Fertilize once each month with water-soluble fertilizer.

Remove the flowers as they fade. Prune the plant back as necessary to control shape and size.


Things You Will Need

  • Growing container
  • Potting soil
  • Water-soluble fertilizer
  • Pruning shears


  • Propagate caesalpinia pulcherrima from seed.


  • Caesalpinia pulcherrima is believed to be poisonous so take the proper precautions if you share your home with young children.
  • Do not place caesalpinia pulcherrima in a location where it can be bumped into, as it is covered in sharp thorns.