Deciduous fruit trees are fruit trees that lose their leaves at the end of the growing season. This usually takes place in winter and the plant remains dormant until spring when new leaves develop. The leaves of deciduous trees change color in the autumn just before they fall off due to a decrease in chlorophyll pigment production.
The fig tree is a large, deciduous tree that resembles a shrub. The tree is native to Asia and can grow up to 33 feet tall. The leaves are large and grow up to 10 inches long with three to five lobes. Figs grow up to 4 inches long and have a leathery green skin that turns brown or purple when ripe. Fig trees are fairly easy to grow and prefer partial shade to full sun and well-drained soils. They must be protected from extreme cold.
The peach tree is a deciduous tree that is native to China and prefers cool winters and hot summers. The peach blossom is pink and blooms in early spring. Peaches are stone fruits with orange to red skin and a large red seed in the center. They cannot tolerate extremely cold temperatures, and exposing the blossoms to frost or ice can result in crop damage. Plant peach trees in well-drained soil where they can receive full sun for six to eight hours a day.
The plum tree is another deciduous tree that produces a stone fruit. The fruit has a purple, waxy skin with a tart flavor. The trees are not drought tolerant and require a lot of care in order to produce the best yield. Plum trees are susceptible to disease and pests. Plum trees prefer full sun and well-drained soils.
The pomegranate is a deciduous fruit tree that is native to Iran. It has been cultivated all over the world. In the United States, pomegranate trees are grown in Arizona and California, primarily for juice production. The fruit grows from March to May and has a tough, leathery, red skin. The pomegranate tree is drought tolerant and can survive in dry climates. Pomegranate trees prefer full sun and moist soil.