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How to Pot Pepper Plants

By Kathryn Hatter ; Updated September 21, 2017
Pot pepper plants in containers.
baby Jalapeno chilli pepper plants in nature image by Elena Moiseeva from Fotolia.com

Gardeners who enjoy container gardening out of necessity or proclivity often have success growing pepper plants in pots. Select a container large enough to accommodate the root system of a pepper plant and place the container in a sunny growing area. With adequate water and fertilization, a pepper plant of any variety will grow to substantial size, providing a generous pepper harvest during the last half of the summer.

Fill the planting container with potting soil almost to the top and add 2 to 3 tbsps. of time-release fertilizer into the potting soil. Mix the fertilizer well to incorporate it into the soil.

Remove the pepper plant from its temporary container by loosening the soil and then gently pulling it out. Place the pepper plant into the planting container immediately, then carefully fill in additional potting soil around the roots.

Water the pepper plant immediately after planting and place the container in full sunlight. Keep the soil evenly moist by watering to saturate the soil.

Fertilize the pepper plants by mixing the water-soluble fertilizer with water when the pepper plants develop the first peppers. Consult the fertilizer package for mixing recommendations, then use slightly less fertilizer to make a somewhat weaker fertilizer solution. Pour the fertilizer carefully around the soil, taking care not to splash fertilizer onto the plants or the peppers as you fertilize. Fertilize the pepper plants two times per month during the remainder of the growing season.

Harvest peppers by picking them when they are a mature size. Cut the peppers from the plants with pruning shears or a sharp knife, clipping them off where the stem connects to the peppers. Continue to harvest peppers as they mature throughout the rest of the growing season.


Things You Will Need

  • Pepper plant
  • Planting container with drainage holes (16-inch diameter)
  • Potting soil
  • Time-release granular fertilizer (10-10-10)
  • Water-soluble fertilizer (12-24-12 or 10-50-10)
  • Pruning shears or sharp knife


  • Always moisten the soil with water before adding fertilizer to the soil or you risk burning the sensitive roots and foliage of the pepper plants.

About the Author


Kathryn Hatter is a veteran home-school educator, as well as an accomplished gardener, quilter, crocheter, cook, decorator and digital graphics creator. As a regular contributor to Natural News, many of Hatter's Internet publications focus on natural health and parenting. Hatter has also had publication on home improvement websites such as Redbeacon.