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When & How to Prune Indian Hawthorn Shrubs?

By Bridget Kelly ; Updated September 21, 2017
Indian hawthorn blooms in the spring.
midland hawthorn image by jakezc from Fotolia.com

Indian hawthorn (Raphiolepis indica), a native of Southern China, is an evergreen flowering shrub in the rose family. It grows from 4 to 5 feet high. It has a 4-foot spread in a mounded shape. In the spring the Indian hawthorn blooms in white to dark pink flowers that make way for dark berries in the fall. Hardy to USDA zones 7 to 10, the Indian hawthorn requires little care. Pruning is rarely necessary. Should you need to do some light pruning, spring is the ideal time.

Prune when you want to improve your plant's form. Cut back any stray shoots that extend beyond the Indian hawthorn so that they are even with the plant.

You need to prune to remove any diseased or damaged stems, according to the University of Florida. Cut them back to the branch from which they originate.

Remove all pruning debris from the planting bed and rake the soil to the dripline. This is the tips of the longest branches.

Fertilize after pruning with a fertilizer for acid-loving plants, such as azalea food. Apply the fertilizer according to package directions. Water the plant after fertilizing.


Things You Will Need

  • Pruning shears
  • Rake
  • Fertilizer

About the Author


Based in the American Southwest, Bridget Kelly has been writing about gardening and real estate since 2005. Her articles have appeared at Trulia.com, SFGate.com, GardenGuides.com, RE/MAX.com, MarketLeader.com, RealEstate.com, USAToday.com and in "Chicago Agent" magazine, to name a few. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a concentration in creative writing.