Fall Care of Daylilies
The hardy nature of daylilies, combined with their lush foliage and bright flowers, makes them one of the gardener's favorite flower species, according to the University of Vermont. Though the flowers thrive in all soil conditions, the plant will respond positively to specific daylily-friendly cultivation strategies. Take the appropriate steps during the fall to tend to your daylilies to encourage an exuberant display of blossoms the following year.
Plant the daylilies if you haven't yet. Early fall is the best time to plant the flowers, according to the University of Rhode Island. Bury the crown of the daylily clump--the section of the plant where the plant's leaves meet its root base--approximately 1 inch beneath the soil surface. If you're growing more than one daylily plant, space each plant apart by 2 feet.
Water the daylilies immediately after you've planted them, applying enough water to moisten the dirt to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. Afterward, water the plants once a week, recommends the University of Florida. Though daylilies are extremely drought tolerant, regular irrigation will encourage many blossoms.
Fertilize the daylilies once in the fall and again in the spring and middle of summer, suggests the University of Florida. Use any general fertilizer with a 3-1-2 nutrient ratio (i.e., a 30-10-20 or 6-2-4 product), spread at a 3/4 lb. for every 50 square feet of flower bedding.
Prune the daylilies as soon as they turn brown and enter dormancy, recommends the University of Vermont. Completely remove any dead foliage, and trim the rest of the daylily plant down to a height of 2 to 3 inches.
Fall Care Of Daylilies
Water flowering daylilies one or two times a week with 1 inch of water to keep them blooming. Do this only if rain is lacking or scarce. Pinch or cut off spent blooms if your daylilies are a reblooming variety and flowered in the fall. This habit prolongs the time the daylilies have to photosynthesize sunlight into energy, which will result in more blooms the following year. Lift the clump with a garden fork after cutting back the foliage if your daylilies are overcrowded and not blooming well. Each section should have roots and fans. Replant the divided sections in full sun to partial shade at the same depth as before. Space divisions 1 to 2 feet apart.
- Pruning shears
- "The Daylily: A Guide for Gardeners"; John Peat and Ted Petit; 2004
- University of Rhode Island: Daylilies
- University of Vermont: Growing Daylilies
- Clemson Cooperative Extension: Daylily
- University of California Cooperative Extension: Daylilies
- University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Hemerocallis Spp.